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Journal of Bone and Joint Infection An open-access journal of the European Bone and Joint Infection Society and the MusculoSkeletal Infection Society
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Osteomyelitis is an infection of bone and is often treated with surgical debridement. This results in a bone defect which requires the use of a void filler. This study evaluated the use of a gentamicin-impregnated ceramic void filler (CERAMENT G) and compared it to the same void filler without antibiotic (CERAMENT) and no void filler in a rat model of osteomyelitis. CERAMENT G was found to decrease the rate of persistent infection and grow more new bone than CERAMENT or an empty defect.
JBJI | Articles | Volume 6, issue 7
J. Bone Joint Infect., 6, 283–293, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/jbji-6-283-2021
J. Bone Joint Infect., 6, 283–293, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/jbji-6-283-2021

Original full-length article 20 Jul 2021

Original full-length article | 20 Jul 2021

Ceramic composite with gentamicin decreases persistent infection and increases bone formation in a rat model of debrided osteomyelitis

Aleksey Dvorzhinskiy et al.

Related subject area

Subject: Osteomyelitis | Topic: Surgery
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J. Bone Joint Infect., 6, 273–281, https://doi.org/10.5194/jbji-6-273-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/jbji-6-273-2021, 2021
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Simultaneous debridement, Ilizarov reconstruction and free muscle flaps in the management of complex tibial infection
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Cited articles

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Adams, K., Couch, L., Cierny, G., Calhoun, J., and Mader, J. T.: In vitro and in vivo evaluation of antibiotic diffusion from antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads, Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 278, 244–252, 1992. 
Aragón-Sánchez, J., Lázaro-Martínez, J. L., Quintana-Marrero, Y., Hernández-Herrero, M. J., García-Morales, E., Cabrera-Galván, J. J., and Beneit-Montesinos, J. V.: Are diabetic foot ulcers complicated by MRSA osteomyelitis associated with worse prognosis? Outcomes of a surgical series, Diabet. Med., 26, 552–555, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02714.x, 2009. 
Blirup-Plum, S. A., Jensen, H. E., Aalbæk, B., Bjarnsholt, T., Kragh, K. N., Gottlieb, H., Bue, M., and Jensen, L. K.: Pathological and microbiological impact of a gentamicin-loaded biocomposite following limited or extensive debridement in a porcine model of osteomyelitis, Bone Jt. Res., 9, 394–401, https://doi.org/10.1302/2046-3758.97.BJR-2020-0007.R1, 2020. 
Branstetter, J. G., Jackson, S. R., Haggard, W. O., Richelsoph, K. C., and Wenke, J. C.: Locally-administered antibiotics in wounds in a limb, J. Bone Joint Surg. Br., 91-B, 1106–1109, https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.91B8.22216, 2009. 
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Short summary
Osteomyelitis is an infection of bone and is often treated with surgical debridement. This results in a bone defect which requires the use of a void filler. This study evaluated the use of a gentamicin-impregnated ceramic void filler (CERAMENT G) and compared it to the same void filler without antibiotic (CERAMENT) and no void filler in a rat model of osteomyelitis. CERAMENT G was found to decrease the rate of persistent infection and grow more new bone than CERAMENT or an empty defect.
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