Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Original full-length article
24 Jan 2024
Original full-length article |  | 24 Jan 2024

Multiplex PCR test as an intra-operative diagnostic tool for periprosthetic joint infection in presumed aseptic revision hip and knee arthroplasty: a 1-year follow-up study of 200 cases

Thomas J. A. van Schaik, Petra J. C. Heesterbeek, Job L. C. van Susante, Wim H. C. Rijnen, and Jon H. M. Goosen


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Short summary
This study evaluated the use of an automated custom-made multiplex PCR (mPCR) test of synovial fluid in presumed aseptic revision hip and knee arthroplasties. Of all 200 patients, none developed a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) within the first year after surgery. The study showed that a positive mPCR test did not have value for prediction of PJI development. Therefore, the authors do not recommend using this test in presumed aseptic hip or knee revision surgery.