Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Case report
12 Feb 2024
Case report |  | 12 Feb 2024

Vertebral osteomyelitis with Campylobacter jejuni – a case report and review of the literature of a very rare disease

Simone Greminger, Carol Strahm, Julia Notter, Benjamin Martens, Seth Florian Helfenstein, Jürgen Den Hollander, and Manuel Frischknecht

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Cited articles

Ajili, F., Labidi, J., and Ben Abdelhafith, N.: Spondylodiscite à Campylobacter jejuni, Médecine Mal. Infect., 41, 562–563,, 2011. 
Aparicio-Casares, H., De la Puente-Rico, M. H., Tomé-Nestal, C., Mayordomo-Colunga, J., Garrido-García, E., and Suárez-Castañón, C. M.: A pediatric case of Bartonella henselae and Epstein Barr virus disease with bone and hepatosplenic involvement, Bol. Méd Hosp. Infant. México, 78, 57–61,, 2021. 
Ayeni, I. V. and Calver, G.: Ciprofloxacin resistant osteomyelitis following typhoid fever, BMJ Case Rep.,, 2012. 
Berbari, E. F., Kanj, S. S., and Kowalski, T. J.: Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Native Vertebral Osteomyelitis in Adults, Clin. Infect. Dis., 61, 26–46,, 2015. 
Bernard, L., Dinh, A., Ghout, I., and Mulleman, D.: Antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks versus 12 weeks in patients with pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis: an open-label, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial, The Lancet, 385, 875–882,, 2015. 
Short summary
Campylobacter species mainly cause gastrointestinal disease. Systemic complications such as bacteremia and osteoarticular infections are rare. We describe in detail a very rare case of a vertebral osteomyelitis due to C. jejuni and screened literature, identifying six other cases. Besides fluoroquinolones, macrolides like azithromycin may be a treatment option for bone infections due to its good bone penetration in selected cases.